06 May History Of Tabriz Persian Rugs
Tabriz is a major city in Iran that’s located near the Turkish border and is the home of a type of Persian Rug known for its grand beauty. These classically designed carpets are some of the best in the world and have a rich history both as an epicenter for Persian rugs and as a source of impeccable weaving abilities. The Tabriz Persian rugs are inspired by those of the Shah Abbas period during both the 15th and 16th centuries.
It wasn’t until the second half of the 19th century that Tabriz had some of the most famous Persian rug maters, including Sheik Safi, Kurban Dai, Faradji and Haji Jallili. All were known for their amazing Tabriz rug production skills, especially Jallili. Since the 19th century, the city has been a leader in the resurgence in Persian carpet-weaving for domestic use and export to other countries across the globe. Their strict standards and craftsmanship makes these rugs sought after commodities by collectors and design enthusiasts, alike. The region is known as the most prolific carpet region in the world and is definitely one of the oldest, as the city was established thousands of years ago.
Tabriz rug weavers rate tight densely-knotted rugs that feature elaborate floral displays that are beyond beautiful and appealing. There are many Tabriz Persian rugs that are made exclusively for Persian rug aficionados among the nobility. In fact, the weavers in this city have technical achievements that far surpass other weavers and weavings of the 20th century.
Tabriz Persian rugs are like those that hail from Isfahan and Kashan in that they truly capture the sophistication and refinement that these rugs are known for. Weavers of these rugs drew on various rug designs for inspiration, such as flower heads, arabesques, vinery and all-over Herati patterns which were all woven in alluring jewel-toned colors that complement each other to create one amazing rug!
These rugs can vary widely and can be made of silk or cotton and woven as a flat-weave or even as a pile carpet. Some very luxurious Tabriz Persian rugs and carpets were actually woven in silk. Haji Jallili was a master weaver and lived in the Qajar era, where he’s known as creating some of the most superlative rugs of his time! Today’s major producers of these Persian carpets include Miri Brothers, Galibafi Nassadji Tabriz and Alabaf of Tabriz. Master weaving skills have been passed on down from numerous generations, which is just one of the reasons why these rugs have remained unchanged throughout the years and still feature amazing quality and craftsmanship.
The term “Rajah” when used in reference to Tabriz carpets refers to how many knots are in a 70mm span range. This is special terminology that professionals use when describing Tabriz rugs and their craftsmanship. Master weavers of Persian Tabriz rugs usually weave their signature into part of the rug’s border, which provides proof of authenticity and detail of its amazing quality. These rugs are so refined that the only other rugs that can compare to them include Nains, Qums, Kermans, Kashans and Isfahans.
Tabriz rugs come in a variety of shapes and sizes, usually having a diameter of about 5 to 9, while the sides usually measure 4 to 8. You’ll rarely find a square rug that is bigger than 8 in length. You might also find an irregularly-shaped Tabriz rug in the shape of a triangle, hexagon or even octagon. Tabriz rugs are usually some of the more expensive Persian rug options, but they’re worth the investment!